Empathy, sympathy, compassion
The terms “empathy” and “sympathy” are often used interchangeably, and the terms “sympathy” and “compassion” are also often used interchangeably. In other words, empathy sympathy, and compassion seem to be one thing. I shall argue, to the contrary, that there are important differences between three. I shall distinguish empathy from sympathy and compassion on the ground that empathy is not an afective experience; I shall show how empathy underlies sympathy and compassion; and I shall clarify the nature of the three kinds of experience.
Guccinelli Roberta, Iocco Gemmo (2020). Positive feelings on the border between phenomenology, psychology and virtue ethics. Metodo 8 (2).
Drummond John (2020). Empathy, sympathy, compassion. Metodo 8 (2), pp. 149-166.