Rule as sovereignty
the universal and homogeneous state
Alexandre Kojève introduced the term universal and homogeneous state.4 I appropriate Kojève's term, but understand it somewhat differently. The appropriation acknowledges the felicity of the term as a name for the political phenomenon characteristic of modernity, a form of political mobilization which, progressively, is to be found everywhere and is the same everywhere it is found. This political phenomenon is rooted in the concept of sovereignty, the creation of modern political philosophy. By universal and homogeneous state I mean rule emptied of any specifically human identity, therefore, among other things, indifferent to natural and concrete forms of human community as well as to virtue and vice, the extremes of the spectrum within which human life takes place.
Drummond John, Hart James G (1996). The truthful and the good: essays in honor of Robert Sokolowski, Springer, Dordrecht.
Slade Francis (1996). Rule as sovereignty: the universal and homogeneous state, in J. Drummond & J. G. Hart (eds.), The truthful and the good, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 159-180.