Shakespeare e il teatro dell'intelligenza. Dagli errori di Bruto a quelli di René Girard

Giovanni Bottiroli


This article aims to compare the heuristic potentials of two

different theories of desire, with reference to Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar .

The first theory is that of mimetic desire, proposed by René Girard; the

second theory is the one elaborated by Freud and Lacan, a theory of

which we emphasize the conception of identity in terms of identification

and the distinction between the Imaginary and Symbolic registers

(conversely, Girard’s mimetic desire corresponds to the Imaginary register

only). The crisis of the Degree together with the unleashing of rivalry

represent a war between “doubles”, whose only solution would be the

killing of Caesar, accomplished with purity of hearts («Let us be

sacrificers, but not butchers», says Brutus to Cassius and to the other

conspirators); the failure of the sacrificial rite would be due to the

prevalence of envious violence. In line with a Lacanian perspective, and

by way of a less scholastic conception of the Symbolic – understood here

in term of dimension of intellectual complexity, and therefore of political

art – this article intends to suggest a different interpretation: the main

nucleus of the work falls on the duel between Brutus and Anthony, where

the triumph of Anthony expresses the primacy of intelligence .


Desire; Strategy; Intelligence; Shakespeare; Girard

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Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy
Published by sdvig press, Genève-Lausanne
ISSN  2281-9177

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